Python vs Java
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Python has gained popularity over Java. Python’s reputation climbs above Java in Google Trends from 2017:
Python became quite famous because of its communication; it is just easier for people to comprehend it. With this, the Python libraries are huge, such that a new programmer does not have to start from scratch. Java is an old and still a quite common one, therefore there are many libraries and a supportive community.
Let us now take a closer look at this:
Table of Contents
Summary about Python
Python was originally made available in 1991. It is a high-level, interpreted general-purpose programming language. It is Object-Oriented in nature.
Python, created by Guido van Rossum, has a design philosophy based on code readability.
Advantage of Python
Python’s libraries make it easy for a coder to get started fast. They will almost never have to start from scratch. If a programmer wants to get started with machine learning, there is a library for that. There’s a library for that if they want to make a nice chart.
There isn’t much that has to be rebuilt from the ground up.
Python is ideal for:
1. New Programmers because it is easier to understand
2. Quickly jotting down ideas
3. Distributing code to others
Summary of Java
Java is a well-known programming language. Java is a general-purpose programming language that, like Python, is object-oriented and makes use of classes.
Java was created at Sun Microsystems by James Gosling and was launched in 1995 as part of the Java Platform. Java changed the online experience from simple text sites to video and animation pages.
Advantage of Java
Java is intended to run in any environment. It interprets compiled code using its Java Virtual Machine (JVM). The JVM is a self-contained interpreter and error detector.
Java, which was developed by Sun Microsystems, was the most frequently used server-side language. Though this is no longer true, Java ruled for a long time and amassed a big community, so it has a large following.
Programming with Java may be simple since the language has numerous libraries built on top of it, making it simple to discover code that has previously been created for a certain purpose.
Java vs Python
Firstly let’s take a look at Java syntax to multiply two numbers…
Public class multiply
Public static void main(String args[ ])
Now let’s see how to write the same code in Python…
Python is a dynamically typed programming language, thus there is no need to declare variables, but Java is a statically typed programming language, therefore variables must be declared clearly. The preceding code shows that Python syntax is very straightforward to learn, making it suitable for new programmers. However, unlike Java, Python hides many internal details from programmers. For example, in the Python code above, it is not stated that variables first and second are integers, thus you won’t know what’s going on below the hood.
If you are not a computer science student or are not interested in computer science principles but require a programming language to just complete a task, then Python is the way to go. On the other hand, if you care about basic CS ideas (or are a computer science student), go with Java. Finally, all we can say is that Python gets things done. Java will assist you along the process.
Employers in development are very concerned with the application’s performance or speed. Because Java includes the Java Virtual Machine (JVM), it is a compiled language that executes code in less time. Python, on the other hand, is an interpreted language that decides the type of data at run time, making it slower in comparison. As a result, Java is naturally preferred for the creation of large applications.
It is critical in language development to have widespread community support for a language. You can create certain tools and make them available to others. The programmer’s community can also provide solutions or assistance for coding-related difficulties or challenges. Both Java and Python have a huge user base. You will come across a plethora of resources, forums, and publications to aid in your language study for both languages. GitHub and StackOverflow can also provide a lot of help.
You’ve probably heard that Java is everywhere. This language is used in both Android and web apps. Most complicated programmes are generally written in Java, which is why it is suitable for developing large-scale applications. Java is suitable for desktop applications, embedded applications, data processing applications, mobile and online apps, and enterprise-level solutions. There is also a large selection of libraries and frameworks available to add new features to your app or application.
Python is particularly well-liked among mathematicians and physicists. It is frequently utilised in Machine Learning, Deep Learning, and the broader subject of AI. This language is extremely beneficial for data analysis and visualisation. Python is also utilised in web development and backend development, with prominent frameworks such as Django, Tornado, Flask, and CherryPy being used to create web applications. Python is also utilised in IoT, games, prototypes, and graphic design apps, and system administrators frequently use it to automate chores. Python libraries are quite helpful in research and computing. Python mobile development is less common.
Many large corporations use Java for large application or enterprise-level solutions. Java is also frequently utilised in Android applications, therefore it is in great demand in the employment market. Java is used in the tech stacks of several well-known firms, including Uber, Airbnb, Twitter, Amazon, eBay, Linkedin, and many others. This implies that getting work as a Java developer is very simple.
The front-end of Instagram for iOS is developed in Objective-C, and the back-end is written in Python. Other large businesses, such as Google, Spotify, Netflix, Uber, Dropbox, Reddit, and Pinterest, utilise Python in their tech stack; nonetheless, it is important to note that Python is not widely used in large enterprises for enterprise software development.
Python is often used by startups for online application development, and it is also popular among data scientists. There are several career possibilities available in Python’s different application fields.
Python has eclipsed Java as the most popular language for teaching programming and computer science to students in the United States. Python is presently used to teach coding at eight of the top ten computer science departments, as well as 27 of the top 39 institutions, showing that it is the most popular language for teaching basic computer science courses. Java is commonly utilised in advanced high school classes, so the move to Java in college is natural for students.
However, some institutions have moved from Java to Python, while others offer both — Java for computer science students and Python to teach programming skills to non-computer science majors.
Every language falls into a certain category, and each language has its own set of advantages and disadvantages, and Python and Java are no exception.